imc hospital dha

  • 27-Sep-22

What is Dengue Virus?

The virus that causes dengue fever infects people when they are bitten by infected mosquitoes. Mosquitoes that carry Aedes aegypti and, to a lesser amount, The disease is mostly spread by Ae. albopictus mosquitoes. Dengue virus is the name of the virus that causes dengue fever.

Dengue Virus in Pakistan

Dengue fever has a year-round national risk in Pakistan. According to the National Institute of Health (NIH) Islamabad, there were 22,938 cases of dengue fever reported in Pakistan in 2017, more than 3,200 cases in 2018, 24,547 cases in 2019, and 3,442 cases in 2020. A total of 48,906 cases including 183 deaths (Case Fatality Ratio (CFR): 0.4%), were reported in the nation between 1 January and 25 November 2021. Cases increased in 2021 especially in Lahore and the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. 

According to the District Health Officer, the COVID-19 pandemic has put a tremendous strain on public and private hospitals in Islamabad during the second half of 2021 due to the continuous increase in dengue fever (DHO) patients. On October 12 2021 the Punjab Government collaborated with the Secretary-General (SG) of PRCS to effectively address the virus outbreak in Lahore and contain the disease epidemic in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Dengue fever cases in Islamabad steadily increased in October and November of 2021. During dengue surveillance in Islamabad city, 53 different locations had dengue larvae. Tarlai Kalan had the most reported cases followed by Koral, Alipur, and Tarnol.

Any vector control programme must include health education to give the public correct information and scientific knowledge about transmitted diseases and associated vectors. Understanding the life cycle, ecology, and biology of the vector, which promotes good practises, helps people better understand the virus. The dengue fever outbreak in Rawalpindi and Islamabad largely subsided by mid-December 2021, however isolated cases of the illness were still being sometimes reported in the area. Despite the beginning of winter, dengue cases were still being reported in government hospitals. As devastating floods ravage Pakistan, affecting more than 33 million people, another major threat is looming. Public health experts have warned that there is a growing risk of mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue spreading across the country.

Pakistan is already grappling with an increase in dengue fever, and this year's unusually early monsoon rains have created favorable conditions for mosquito breeding. Extreme weather events such as droughts, heat waves, floods and heavy rains are becoming more and more frequent in much of the world. And of the many infectious diseases projected to be exacerbated by climate change, a startling new study concludes that mosquito-borne diseases like dengue will be hit hardest. According to a detailed report from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), 24,967 cases of dengue virus have been reported nationwide, resulting in 67 deaths. Sindh remains one of the hardest-hit provinces, with 7,951 cases and 33 deaths from the mosquito-borne disease.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa had 6,412 dengue infections and seven deaths, followed by Punjab with 5,202 infections and 15 deaths. Islamabad reported 1,991 dengue cases and 6 deaths.3,162 and 249 cases of dengue were reported in Balochistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir, respectively. The government launched a dengue control campaign, including raising public awareness in response to the alarming number of cases in the country, and took special measures to curb the spread of the disease in dengue hotspots.

Dengue Virus Symptoms and Treatment



Symptoms

Many people may not show any signs or symptoms of dengue.
When symptoms do appear, they frequently begin four to ten days after being bitten by an infected mosquito and may be confused with other illnesses like the flu.
Dengue fever causes any of the following signs and symptoms in addition to a temperature of 104 F (40 C) or higher:

  • Headache
  • Muscle, bone or joint pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Swollen glands
  • Rash

Within a week or so, most people will recover. In some circumstances, the symptoms can be severe and even fatal. Dengue shock syndrome, dengue hemorrhagic fever or severe dengue fever are the terms used to describe it. Damaged and leaking blood vessels are a sign of severe dengue fever. The number of platelets in your blood - cells that help blood clot - also decreases.

This can lead to internal bleeding, shock, organ failure, and even death.

A life-threatening emergency known as severe dengue fever can soon show warning signs. Warning indicators may include the following and usually appear within the first day or two after the fever subsides:

  • Severe stomach pain

  • Persistent vomiting

  • Bleeding from your gums or nose

  • Blood in your urine, stools or vomit

  • Bruising that is actually bleeding under the skin

  • Difficult or rapid breathing

  • Fatigue

  • Irritability or restlessness



Treatment

There is no specific medication for dengue fever. Vaccines against dengue disease are still being developed. Right now, the best ways to prevent disease in areas where dengue fever is endemic are to avoid mosquito bites and take steps to reduce the mosquito population. Drink a lot of fluids as you recover from dengue fever. If you experience any of the following dehydration symptoms contact your doctor straight away:

  • Decreased urination
  • Few or no tears
  • Dry mouth or lips
  • Lethargy or confusion
  • Cold or clammy extremities

Integrated Medical Care Hospital

The formation of a multi-specialty hospital as part of a joint venture between IMC Hospital and DHA Lahore aims to revolutionize healthcare and present the concept of integrated care and services. IMC tackles the inherent challenges of inpatient care by merging systems and processes for patient management and putting people before diseases.

IMC Hospital Lahore (Services)

IMC employs specialists in a variety of medical domains. IMC Hospital's specialists are committed to give you the care you require. Your safety and health are top priority at IMC Hospital. Patients, guests, and employees at IMC Hospital have access to a sizable network of clinical services and lab services because they are a part of the IMC Health System. In Lahore and across Pakistan, IMC’s medical services continue to set the bar for patient care. Patients can make use of extensive selection of practical services and amenities at IMC Hospital.

IMC Hospital Lahore Contact Number
Contact details

Tel: + (92-42) 37178901 + (92-42) 37178904

IMC Hospital Address
Head Office Located at 153/1, Sector F, Phase V, Defence Housing Authority Lahore.