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  • 13-Mar-24

A sleep disorder called sleep apnea is characterized by breathing pauses or shallow, irregular breathing while you're asleep. These stops can happen several times an hour and last anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes. There may be a decrease in blood oxygen levels if breathing is stopped or becomes shallow. This frequently causes the brain to interrupt sleep in order to either start breathing again or stop the oxygen levels from falling any lower.

Sleep Apnea Meaning in Urdu

نیند کی بیماری جس میں سانس لینے میں رکاوٹ آتی ہے یا سانس لینے کا فاصلہ بڑھ جاتا ہے، اس کو اسلیپ ایپنیا کہتے ہیں۔ یہ رکاوٹ چند سیکنڈ سے لیکر چند منٹ تک کے لیے ہوتی ہے اور رات کے دوران کئی بار ہو سکتی ہے۔ جب سانس رک جاتا ہے یا کم ہو جاتا ہے تو خون میں آکسیجن کی مقدار کم ہو جاتی ہے جس سے دماغ کو ہلچل آتی ہے اور یا تو سانس دینے کے لیے دوبارہ شروع کرتا ہے یا زیادہ آکسیجن کے لیے خون کی مقدار بڑھانے کے لیے۔


Sleep Apnea Symptoms

Depending on the kind and severity of the ailment, sleep apnea symptoms can change. Common symptoms include:

  • Loud or frequent snoring
  • Breathing stops or gasps for breath while you're sleeping
  • Morning headaches
  • Excessive daytime sleepiness (hypersomnia)
  • Difficulty concentrating or remembering things
  • Irritability or mood changes
  • Restless sleep
  • Waking up frequently during the night to urinate (nocturia)
  • Decreased libido

It's crucial to remember that not every sleep apnea sufferer will exhibit every single symptom. Additionally, because sleep apnea frequently happens while a person is asleep, some people may not be aware that they have the condition. If you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms, especially if they are affecting daily life, it's important to speak with a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and diagnosis.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a type of sleep apnea characterized by repetitive episodes of complete or partial upper airway obstruction during sleep. It occurs when the muscles at the back of the throat relax, leading to the collapse of the airway and interruption of airflow. This obstruction can cause breathing to stop for a period of time, often resulting in a decrease in blood oxygen saturation levels. OSA is typically associated with symptoms such as loud snoring, gasping or choking during sleep, daytime sleepiness, and morning headaches. Treatment options for OSA include using oral appliances to keep the airway open during sleep or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. Lifestyle changes include losing weight and not drinking alcohol before bed. Surgery might be suggested in some circumstances in order to relieve the obstruction by removing or realigning tissues in the throat.


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