Some diseases have been living through the ages regardless of the medical discoveries man has made over time. One of these that occurs across the globe is Pneumonia. A bacterial or viral lung infection that causes sickness is known as pneumonia. Fever, chills, shortness of breath, coughing up phlegm and chest pain are among symptoms that can occur.
Antibiotics may usually treat pneumonia at home but severe cases may necessitate hospitalisation and can even be fatal. Some of the most widespread infectious pathogens that cause pneumonia are covered by vaccines.
What is Pneumonia?
Lung infection known as pneumonia can be brought on by a number of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses and fungus. Fever, coughing, shortness of breath and chest pain are some of the symptoms. Pneumonia can range in severity from mild to life-threatening and can be treated with antibiotics and other medications depending on the cause of the infection. It is a serious illness particularly for adults, young children and people with certain underlying health conditions.
Pneumonia meaning in Urdu:
نمونیہ: - پھیپھڑوں کی ایک مہلک حالت جسے نمونیا کہا جاتا ہے جس کے نتیجے میں جسم میں آکسیجن کی کمی ہوتی ہے۔ اس کے نتیجے میں اعضاء کی خرابی یا موت جیسے سنگین نتائج ہو سکتے ہیں۔ چھوٹے بچے اور بوڑھے نمونیا کے لیے سب سے زیادہ حساس گروہ ہیں۔ اس بیماری سے تحفظ فراہم کرنے کے لیے ویکسین کا استعمال کیا جا سکتا ہے.
Causes of Pneumonia:
Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be caused by various types of microorganisms including bacteria, viruses and fungi. The most common causes of pneumonia are bacteria specifically Streptococcus Pneumonia (pneumococcus) and Haemophilus Influenzae. Pneumonia can also be caused by viral infections such as the flu (influenza) and the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). In some cases, pneumonia can be caused by a fungus such as Aspergillus or Pneumocystis Jirovecii (previously known as Pneumocystis Carinii). Risk factors for pneumonia include age, chronic illnesses, smoking and a weakened immune system.
Symptoms of Pneumonia:
The signs and symptoms of pneumonia can range from minor to severe depending on the type of germ that caused the sickness, your age and overall health. Mild signs and symptoms sometimes mirror those of the common cold or the flu but they last longer. Pneumonia symptoms and signs can include:
- Chest ache when you cough or breathe.
- Fluctuations or confusion of consciousness (in adults age 65 and older).
- Coughing, which could result in phlegm.
- Fever, sweating and shaking chills.
- Body temperature that is lower than usual (in adults older than age 65 and people with weak immune systems).
- Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.
- Shortness of breath.
When should you see a doctor for Pneumonia?
If you have symptoms of pneumonia especially if you are experiencing fever, cough and difficulty breathing. In some cases pneumonia can be a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention.
Anyone who fits into one of these high-risk categories must see a doctor right away:
- Adults who are above 65.
- Children under the age of two who exhibit symptoms.
- Those whose immune systems are compromised or who have underlying medical conditions.
- Those who are having chemotherapy or other immune-suppressing drugs.
Pneumonia can swiftly turn into a life-threatening condition for some older adults, people with heart failure and those with chronic lung conditions.
Best Pulmonologist in Lahore
Integrated Medical Care Hospital (IMC Hospital) is one of the most prestigious institutions in Pakistan which is known for its performance and outstanding results regarding Pulmonology (Lungs Diseases). Here you find one of the Best Pulmonologist (Lungs Diseases) Specialists in Lahore Pakistan. Visit today and book your appointment at Integrated Medical Care Hospital (IMC Hospital).
Dr. G. Sarwar Chaudhry
MBBS (KE), FRACP (Australia), FCCP (USA).
Specialties - Interventional Pulmonology, Pulmonology & Intensive Care, Sleep Medicine
Areas of Focus - Sleep medicine including sleep apnea and CPAP therapy, diagnostic sleep studies, severe airways disease (asthma/COPD), ABPA, lung nodules and cancers, interventional pulmonology (bronchoscopy, endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS), pleural aspiration and drainage, talc pleurodesis, PFT (spirometry, DLCO).