Measles is a highly contagious viral infection that primarily affects children but can also affect individuals of any age. The virus responsible for measles is called the measles virus. It is part of the Paramyxoviridae family.
Measles typically starts with symptoms such as a high fever, cough, runny nose, and red, watery eyes. Small white spots with a bluish-white center, known as Koplik's spots, may also appear inside the mouth. A few days after these initial symptoms, a characteristic red rash usually develops, starting on the face and spreading to the rest of the body. Measles is transmitted through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It is highly contagious, and individuals who have not been vaccinated are at a greater risk of contracting the virus.
Measles Meaning in Urdu:
خسرک کو ماہی طور پر "تناسلی مرض" یا "چربی" کے طور پر جانا جاتا ہے۔ یہ ایک بیماری ہے جو عام طور پر بچوں کو لگتی ہے، اور اس کا باعث وائرس ہوتا ہے جو خصوصی طور پر کھانسی، سانس لینے میں مشکل، نکسان کی حالت، اور چھالوں کی شکل میں دکھائی دیتا ہے۔ خسرک کی بنیادی علامات میں بخار، کھانسی، نکسان کی حالت، اور جلد پر چھالے شامل ہیں۔
The symptoms of measles typically include:
- High Fever: Measles often starts with a high fever, which can reach up to 104-105°F (40-40.6°C).
- Cough: A persistent cough is a common symptom of measles.
- Runny Nose: Measles can cause a runny or stuffy nose.
- Sore Throat: Those who have the measles frequently have sore throats.
- Conjunctivitis: Measles can lead to inflammation of the eyes, causing redness and irritation.
- Koplik's Spots: Inside the mouth, there could be tiny white patches with bluish-white centers.
- Rash: A characteristic measles rash typically appears a few days after the initial symptoms. It consists of small, red, and slightly raised spots that may join together to form larger blotches. The rash usually starts on the face and then spreads down the body.
- Fatigue: People with measles often feel extremely tired and lethargic.
- Loss of Appetite: A decrease in appetite is common during the illness.
It's important to note that measles is highly contagious, and individuals with these symptoms should seek medical attention and isolate themselves to prevent spreading the virus to others. Complications can arise from measles, especially in young children and those with weakened immune systems, so prompt medical care is essential. The best approach to avoid measles is with the MMR vaccine, which protects against measles, mumps, and rubella.
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